Hmong Time Line
3000 B.C. - Hmong people are first identified as occupying the Yellow River Valley in China.
1100 B.C. - Hmong people are still inhabiting the jungles and hills of China.
1800 - Hmong people begin to move to Indochina.
1810 - Hmong people cross the borders of China into Northern Laos. This is a mountain area that allows for a somewhat safe cover.
1840 - The vast majority of Hmong migrate to Laos to avoid oppression.
1893 - The French setup a protectorate over Laos.
1896 - Angered by the new French taxes, Hmong revolt.
1936 - From 1936-1945 Japan takes control of Laos while WWII wages on.
1945 - With World War II over, the French once again resume control of Laos.
1952 - A Hmong writing system is designed to finally put the Hmong language on paper.
1954 - Laos gains independence and becomes a member of the United Nations.
1957 - American soldiers enter Laos to train the Hmong and fight against the communists.
1960 - The "Secret War" begins in Laos as Hmong people are beginning to launch deadly guerrilla warfare.
1961 - General Vang Pao leads the Hmong people into secret battles and works closely with the United States from 1961-1973.
1973 - A ceasefire is signed between the Royal Lao Government and the Pathet Lao.
1975 - A significant year in Hmong history - Americans are completely withdrawn from Laos and the massacring of Hmong people begins immediately. Hmong Army officials including Vao Pang are airlifted to Thailand. Hmong families are forced to attempt a life- threatening escape from Laos across the Mekong into the Thailand Refugee camps.
1976 - The first wave of Hmong immigrants begin to arrive in the United States.
1982 - Still being eradicated by the Royal Laos government in Laos and hungry in Thailand refugee camps, a second wave of migration into the U.S. begins and lasts over 4 years. The Lutheran church is very involved in the relocating process.
1991 - Thailand, Laos, and the United Nations sign an agreement that will move Hmong people from the refugee camps and back into Laos. Knowing they are still oppressed back in Laos, 10,000 flee to a Thai Buddhist temple to seek asylum.
2002 - Senator Mee Moua becomes the first Hmong senator.
2004 - Another larger group of Hmong people arrives in the United States. There is a steady flow every year in the area of 1000-5000 immigrants.
TODAY - Many Hmong people have found their way back to Thai refugee camps as the Royal Lao Government continues to harass the Hmong Culture.